Dr. McClanahan explained how many who interpret the Constitution do so by evaluating how it applies to cases and rulings. Instead of this approach, Dr. McClanahan espouses an approach whereby one evaluates how the Constitution was ratified in 1788. James Madison did not say one should study case law to understand and interpret the Constitution. Further, textual understanding only allows you to comprehend implied powers. This early period of U.S. history was marked by struggles between federalists and anti-federalists and these groups proved to be proponents and opponents for ratification of the Constitution. Those arguing for the Constitution said there would never be abuses of power -- we can see how rats have infected the federal/national government. The Articles of Confederation was last when states held power but the Constitution abolished state authority.
|Some of the Dragoons at the Alabama Division Education Conference|
|Color Sgt Edward Morgan|
|Donald Kennedy and Dr. Brian McClanahan|